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    To Be an RN in the US 美国注册护士
    日期:2016-10-09 21:47:54    来源:ISPN周老师



    说 
     
    1、“ISPN/NCLEX-RN考试学习系列分基础护理、内外科护理、精神护理、妇儿护理、老年护理等五大部分,以国外经典教材为蓝本、结合国内护士思维模式及学习习惯编写而成。内容详细、准确,供本站会员专业英语及考试复习的自学所用。
    2、本系列材料分文字和视频两种体裁,文字材料为各章内容提纲,视频为各章内容详解。
    3、系列材料仅供本站注册会员使用,未经许可不得外传、转载,亦不得将其用于其他教学或商业用途。
    4、本章为系列材料 -- 基础护理之第1章,主要介绍美国护士教育、考试及执业相关内容。

     
    Chapter 1
    To Be an RN in the US
     
    Key Points:
    1. Concepts, definitions, and aims of nursing
    2. Educational preparation in nursing
    3. Administration and licensure examination
    4. NCLEX-RN, CGFNS, and ISPN
    5. ISPN tests samples
     
    I. Concepts, Definitions, and Goals of Nursing
    1. Nursing护理
    Basically defined, nursing is the care of others or a profession within the health care sector focused on the autonomous (a. 自主的,独立的) and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups, and communities, sick or well and in all settings. The care may involve any number of activities, from carrying out complicated technical procedures to something as seemingly simple as holding a hand. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of the ill, disabled, and dying people.
    2. Nurse护士
    Originated from the Latin word nutrix, meaning “to nourish,” a person who nourishes, fosters, and protects and who is prepared to take care of the sick, injured, and aged people.
    3. ANA美国护士协会(The American Nurses Association)
    ANA is the professional organization for RNs in the United States. It started in 1896 as the Nurses Associated Alumnae and was renamed the American Nurses Association in 1911. Its primary mission is establishing standards of nursing practice, promoting the rights of nurses in the workplace, and advancing the economic and general welfare of nurses. It also has three subsidiary organizations: (1) American Academy of Nursing, to serve the public and nursing profession by advancing health policy and practice through the generation, synthesis, and dissemination of nursing knowledge; (2) American Nurses Foundation, the charitable and philanthropic arm, and (3) American Nurses Credentialing Center, which credentials nurses in their specialty and credentials facilities that exhibit nursing excellence. Its membership is composed of the state nurses’ associations to which individual nurses belong.
    4. NCSBN全国州护士局理事会(National Council of State Boards of Nursing)
    An independent, not-for-profit organization through which boards of nursing act and counsel (v. 商议,劝告) together on matters of common interest and concern affecting public health, safety and welfare, including the development of nursing licensure examinations (n. 核发执照,许可证). Its primary mission is to protect the public by way of ensuring that nurses practice competently and efficiently. This task is fulfilled by its members, Board of Nursing in each state or province.
    5. Board of Nursing()护士局
    A regulatory body that oversees the practice of nursing within a defined jurisdiction (n.管辖范围), typically a state or province and handles all aspects of nurse licensure within its jurisdiction. The board typically approves and oversees schools of nursing within its jurisdiction. It reviews the applicant’s application and determines whether the applicant is qualified for the appropriate NCLEX examination.
    State and territorial boards of nursing comprise the National Council of State Boards of Nursing.




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