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    ISPN总复习 酸碱平衡 Acid-Base Balance
    日期:2014-10-11 21:44:27    来源:奥医教育
    Acid-Base Balance
    酸碱平衡
     
    关键词:氢离子 酸 pH值 代偿 缓冲器 酸碱平衡 平衡失调 动脉血气
     
    对应章节:Saunders Chapter 10
     
    Contents  本章目录
    I.氢离子、酸与碱 Hydrogen Ions, Acid, and Bases
    II.血液氢离子浓度的调节系统 Regulatory Systems for Hydrogen Ion Concentration in the Blood
    III.呼吸性酸中毒 Respiratory Acidosis
    IV.呼吸性碱中毒 Respiratory Alkalosis
    V.代谢性酸中毒 Metabolic Acidosis
    VI.代谢性碱中毒 Metabolic Alkalosis
    VII.动脉血气Arterial Blood Gases
     
     
     
    Focus本章要点:
            Acid-base imbalance is a content area that sometimes is viewed as complex and difficult to understand. You must understand the description of each imbalance and then review the causes of each disorder, correlating the pathophysiology with each cause. From this point, note the assessment signs related to each disorder and the treatment associated with the clinical manifestations. Maintenance of a patent airway is a priority. The nurse also needs to monitor vital signs, cardiovascular status, neurological status, intake and output, laboratory values, and arterial blood gas values. Remember that safety precautions should always be initiated. Seizure precautions may also be needed.
            作为内容区,酸碱平衡有时让人觉得很复杂,难以理解。护士必须了解每种失调的说明,然后复习其原因,并将失调的病理生理情况下原因相关联。在此基础上,注意与各种疾病相关的评估症状及与临床表现相关的各种治疗手段。保持气道通畅是优先护理措施之一。护士还须监测生命体征、心血管状况、神经学状况、摄入与排出量、实验室值及动脉血气值。另外要记住,启动安全预防措施及癫痫预防措施。

     
     
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