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    ISPN总复习 患者体位 Positioning Clients
    日期:2015-04-01 09:56:33    来源:奥医教育
    Positioning Client
    患者体位
     
    关键词体位 安全 舒适 医嘱 人体压力点 运动 病床
     
     
    对应章节Saunders Chapter 20
     
    Contents  本章目录
    I.体位指南 Guidelines for Positioning
    II.确保患者安全与舒适的体位 Positions to Ensure Safety and Comfort
     
     
    Focus  本章要点:
    This chapter focuses on nursing responsibilities in positioning clients, including clients safety and comfort. Knowledge regarding the client position required for a certain procedure or condition is expected. The nurse has the responsibility to reduce the likelihood and prevent the development of complications related to an existing condition, prescribed treatment, or medical or surgical procedure. The nurse must review the physician's prescriptions after treatments or procedures and take note of instructions regarding positioning and mobility. The nurse must also be aware of various body pressure points when clients are positioned in the lying or sitting position.
    本章重点是患者体位时的护理责任,包括患者安全与舒适。要求护士掌握具体操作或疾病所需要的体位知识。护士有责任降低发生概率,预防现有疾病、医生治疗或内外科手术操作相关并发症的发生。护士必须在治疗或操作后再次检查医嘱,并记录体位和运动相关医嘱。护士还须了解患者卧位或座位时的人体压力点。
     
    特别声明:
    1、药品等词有一词多名者,一般情况下只取一常用名称,以减少混乱,方便记忆。
    2、本站词汇等凡标示【奥】者系奥医所用名称,只为方便读者学习时记忆用,并非法定或行业标准名称,因此,读者不得将其作为专业术语或行业标准用语使用,也不得用于临床或研究,否则,由此引起的一切责任或后果,均由使用者自己承担。
     
     
    *******************************************************************************
     
    Introduction
    Nursing responsibility includes positioning clients safely and appropriately to provide safety and comfort. Knowledge regarding the client position required for a certain procedure or condition is expected. The nurse has the responsibility to reduce the likelihood and prevent the development of complications related to an existing condition, prescribed treatment, or medical or surgical procedure. The nurse must review the physician's prescriptions after treatments or procedures and take note of instructions regarding positioning and mobility (Figs. -1 and -2). The nurse must also be aware of various body pressure points when clients are positioned in the lying or sitting position (Fig. -3).
    护理责任包括:安全放置患者体位,确保患者安全舒适。要求护士掌握具体操作或疾病所需要的体位知识。护士有责任降低发生概率,预防现有疾病、医生治疗或内外科手术操作相关并发症的发生。护士必须在治疗或操作后再次检查医嘱,并记录体位和运动相关医嘱(图-1,-2)。护士还须了解患者卧位或座位时的人体压力点(图-3)。


    FIGURE -1
    Common bed positions. 图-1 常见病床位置




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