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    ISPN总复习 插管患者的护理 Care of a Client with a Tube
    日期:2015-04-14 22:50:17    来源:奥医教育
    Care of a Client with a Tube
    插管患者的护理
     
     
    关键词:鼻胃管 导管 液体 误吸 喂饲 进食 肠管 胃管 灌洗 胸管 引流
     
     
    对应章节Saunders Chapter 21
     
    Contents  本章目录
    I.Nasogastric Tubes
    II.胃肠管喂饲 Gastrointestinal Tube Feedings
    III.肠管 Intestinal Tubes
    IV.食管和胃管 Esophageal and Gastric Tubes
    V.灌洗管 Lavage Tubes
    VI.尿和肾管 Urinary and Renal Tubes
    VII.呼吸系统插管 Respiratory System Tubes
    VIII.胸管引流 Chest Tube Drainage System
     
     
    Focus  本章要点:
    The Pyramid to Success focuses on the common types of tubes used in the medical-surgical and acute care clinical settings. The NCLEX-RN examination is likely to address content areas related to the appropriate care of certain tubes and the immediate interventions required if a complication arises. Focus on the specific assessment points related to the specific type of tube. Review procedures for inserting a particular tube, verifying correct placement, and administering medications or feedings, if appropriate. Remember that for certain types of tubes such as endotracheal, tracheostomy, urinary and renal, and chest tubes, implementing and maintaining surgical asepsis is critical. Pyramid Points also focus on interventions associated with complications or emergencies.
    本章重点是内外科和急诊保健门诊常用的插管。考试内容通常与插管的适当护理及并发症出现时立即采取的措施相关,包括插管具体评估要点。复习插管、验证正确置管及用药或喂饲等程序。记住,对于某些类型插管,如气管插管、气管造口、尿道管和肾管、胸管等,实施和保持手术无菌是关键。本章重点还包括并发症或急诊相关措施。
     
    特别声明:
    1、药品等词有一词多名者,一般情况下只取一常用名称,以减少混乱,方便记忆。
    2、本站词汇等凡标示【奥】者系奥医所用名称,只为方便读者学习时记忆用,并非法定或行业标准名称,因此,读者不得将其作为专业术语或行业标准用语使用,也不得用于临床或研究,否则,由此引起的一切责任或后果,均由使用者自己承担。
     
     
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    INASOGASTRIC TUBES 鼻胃管
    A. Description 说明
    1. These are tubes used to intubate the stomach. 用于插入胃腑的导管。
    2. The tube is inserted from the nose to the stomach. 导管由鼻插入至胃。
    B. Purpose 目的
    1. To decompress the stomach by removing fluids or gas to promote abdominal comfort.
    消除气体或液体,给胃减压,促进腹部舒适。
    2. To allow surgical anastomoses to heal without distention.消除腹胀,促进外科吻合。
    3. To decrease the risk of aspiration. 减少误吸危险。
    4. To administer medications to clients who are unable to swallow.
    为无法吞咽者提供用药途径。
    5. To provide nutrition by acting as a temporary feeding tube.充当临时饲管,提供营养。’
    6. To irrigate the stomach and remove toxic substances, such as in poisoning
    洗胃,消除有毒物质,如中毒时。




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