在线QQ: 五斗堂面馆
    专题栏目
    专业术语
    ISPN词汇 小儿血液系统疾病
    ISPN词汇 小儿肌肉骨骼系统疾病
    出国资讯
    美国宣布重大移民改革议案取消公民...
    2017美国护士薪资调查报告新鲜出炉
    执业常识
    021 医护人员拥抱患者合适吗?
    020 护士拥抱病人合适吗?
     
    当前位置:首页 > 内外科
    ISPN总复习 胃肠系统 (I)Gastrointestinal System
    日期:2014-10-18 17:39:31    来源:奥医教育
    Gastrointestinal System (I)
    胃肠系统 (I)
     
    关键词:胃肠道 插管 肝硬化 肝炎 胰腺炎 造口 饮食限制 返流 内分泌腺 外分泌腺 灌肠 钡餐 镜检 腹腔镜 造影 减肥 消化 溃疡
     

    对应章节:Saunders Chapter 56
     

    Contents  本章目录
    I. 解剖学与生理学 Anatomy and Physiology
    II. 诊断程序Diagnostic Procedures
    III. 评估Assessment
    IV. 胃肠导管 Gastrointestinal Tubes
    V. 胃食管返流疾病 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
    VI. 胃炎 Gastritis
    VII. 消化性溃疡病 Peptic Ulcer Disease
    VIII. 维生素B12不足 Vitamin B12 Deficiency
    IX. 减肥手术 Bariatric Surgery
    X. 胃癌 Gastric Cancer
    XI. 食管裂孔疝 Hiatal Hernia
    XII. 胆囊炎 Cholecystitis

     
    Focus 本章要点
            This chapter focuses on diagnostic tests and nursing care related to the various gastric or intestinal tubes, gastric surgery, cirrhosis, hepatitis, pancreatitis, and colostomy care. Focus on preprocedure and postprocedure care of the client undergoing a gastrointestinal diagnostic test. Remember that an informed consent is required for any invasive procedure. Focus on diet restrictions before and after the diagnostic test and remember that the gag reflex or bowel sounds must return before allowing a client to consume food or fluids. Key Points include instructions to the client and family regarding the prevention of gastrointestinal disorders and the complications associated with the disorder. Focus on teaching the client and family about diet and nutrition specific to the disorder, tube and wound care, preventing the transmission of infection such as with hepatitis, and care of a colostomy or ileostomy. Remember that body image disturbances can occur in clients with a gastrointestinal disorder. Specific focus relates to the client with a diversion, such as an ileostomy or colostomy, the social isolation issues that can occur, and effective coping strategies.
            本章主要内容包括各种胃/肠道插管、胃肠手术、肝硬化、肝炎、胰腺炎及结肠造口护理相关的诊断试验与护理,重点是胃肠诊断试验患者的操作前和操作后护理。必须记住,任何侵入性操作前都必须获得患者的知情同意,诊断试验前、后应采用饮食限制措施,允许患者消费食物或液体前必须确认咽反射或肠鸣音已经恢复。宣教要点包括患者及家人胃肠疾病及相关并发症预防;疾病、插管、创口护理、肝炎等传染病预防、结肠/回肠造口护理等特异性饮食及营养。其它内容包括胃肠道疾病患者体像障碍、社交隔离、应对策略等。
     

    特别声明:
    1、药品等词有一词多名者,一般情况下只取一常用名称,以减少混乱,方便记忆。
    2、本站词汇等凡标示【奥】者系奥医所用名称,只为方便读者学习时记忆用,并非法定或行业标准名称,因此,读者不得将其作为专业术语或行业标准用语使用,也不得用于临床或研究,否则,由此引起的一切责任或后果,全部由使用者自己承担,本站概不负责。

     
     
    *******************************************************************************
     



    上一篇:ISPN总复习 胃肠系统 (II) Gastrointestinal System
    下一篇:ISPN词汇 胃肠系统用药