在线QQ: 五斗堂面馆
    专题栏目
    专业术语
    ISPN词汇 小儿血液系统疾病
    ISPN词汇 小儿肌肉骨骼系统疾病
    出国资讯
    美国宣布重大移民改革议案取消公民...
    2017美国护士薪资调查报告新鲜出炉
    执业常识
    021 医护人员拥抱患者合适吗?
    020 护士拥抱病人合适吗?
     
    当前位置:首页 > 内外科
    ISPN总复习 肾系统 (I)Renal System
    日期:2015-07-24 22:07:40    来源:奥医教育
    Renal System (I)
    肾系统(I)
     
    关键词:肾脏 肾囊 肾小管 肾小球 滤过 肾单位 曲小管 肾盂 肾素 肾上腺素 膀胱 前列腺 肌酸酐 血尿素氮 尿比重 肾衰
     
    对应章节:Saunders Chapter 62
     
    Contents  本章目录
    I. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 解剖与生理学
    II. DIAGNOSTIC TESTS 诊断检查
    III. ACUTE RENAL FAILURE 急性肾衰
     
    Focus  本章要点:
    Pyramid Points focus on acute renal failure and chronic renal failure, dialysis procedures such as hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, urinary diversions, and postoperative care following urinary or renal surgery. Focus on the major problems associated with renal failure and the rationale for the prescribed treatment modalities. Be familiar with the complications associated with hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, the specific assessment data related to complications, and the expected treatment. Focus on the care of a peritoneal catheter and hemodialysis access devices, the complications associated with these access devices, and the appropriate nursing interventions if a complication is suspected. Review preoperative and postoperative care related to renal transplantation and the assessment data indicating rejection. Be familiar with urinary diversions, care to the client following prostatectomy, and treatment measures for the client with urinary or renal calculi.
    本章主要讲述急、慢性肾脏功能衰竭,血液透析、腹膜透析等透析操作,尿流改道术,及泌尿或肾脏手术后的术后护理等,重点是与肾脏功能衰竭相关的一些重要问题及处方治疗模式的原理。熟悉血液透析和腹膜透析相关并发症,了解并发症相关的特定评估资料,掌握预期的治疗方法。护士应着重于腹膜导管及血液透析入径装置的护理,与这些入径装置相关的并发症,及怀疑有并发症时应采取的适当护理干预。复习与肾脏移植相关的术前、术后护理及提示移植排斥的评估资料。熟悉尿流改道、前列腺切除后的患者护理,及泌尿或肾结石患者的治疗措施。
     
    特别声明:
    1、药品等词有一词多名者,一般情况下只取一常用名称,以减少混乱,方便记忆。
    2、本站词汇等凡标示【奥】者系奥医所用名称,只为方便读者学习时记忆用,并非法定或行业标准名称,    因此,读者不得将其作为专业术语或行业标准用语使用,也不得用于临床或研究,否则,由此引起的一切    责任或后果,均由使用者自己承担。
     
    *******************************************************************************
     
    Renal System(I)
    肾系统(I)
     
    I. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 解剖与生理学
    A. Kidney anatomy 肾解剖学
    1. Each person has two kidneys; one is attached to the left abdominal wall at the level of the last thoracic and first three lumbar vertebrae and the other is on the right.
      一人两肾。一肾附于左腹壁最末胸椎骨和头3根腰椎位置,一肾位于右侧。
    2. The kidneys are enclosed in the renal capsule. 肾被肾囊包裹。
    3. The renal cortex is the outer layer of the renal capsule, which contains blood-filtering mechanisms (glomeruli).
      肾囊外层为肾皮质,具有滤血机制(肾小球)。
    4. The renal medulla is the inner region, which contains the renal pyramids and renal tubules.
      肾髓质为内层,含有肾锥体和肾小管。
    5. Together the renal cortex, pyramids, and medulla constitute the parenchyma, or functional unit of the kidneys.
      肾皮质、肾锥体和肾髓质一起构成肾实质,即肾的功能单位。
    6. Nephrons 肾单位
    a. Located within the parenchyma.     位于肾实质内。
    b. Composed of glomerulus and tubules.  由肾小球和肾小管组成。
    c. Selectively secretes and reabsorbs ions and filtrates, including fluid, wastes, electrolytes, acids, and bases.
      选择性分泌、重吸收离子和滤液,包括体液、废物、电解质、酸和碱。
     
    The nephtrons are the functional units of the kidney.
    肾单位是肾的功能单位。




    上一篇:ISPN总复习 心血管用药 (II) Cardiovascular Medications
    下一篇:ISPN总复习 肾系统 (II) Renal System