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    ISPN总复习 眼和耳 (I) The Eyes and Ears
    日期:2015-11-18 22:13:49    来源:奥医教育
    The Eye and the Ear
    眼和耳
     
    关键词:视敏度 虹膜 角膜 瞳孔 视网膜 黄斑 眼科检查 白内障 青光眼 耳镜 窥器 听觉丧失
     
    对应章节:Saunders Chapter 64
     
    Contents  本章目录
    I. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE EYE眼解剖、生理学
    II. ASSESSMENT OF VISION 视力评估
    III. DIAGNOSTIC TESTS FOR THE EYE眼的诊断检查
    IV. DISORDERS OF THE EYE眼病
    V. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE EAR 耳的解剖生理学。
    VI. ASSESSMENT OF THE EAR 耳的评估
    VII. DIAGNOSTIC TESTS FOR THE EAR 耳的诊断试验
    VIII. DISORDERS OF THE EAR  耳病
     
    Focus  本章要点:
    Pyramid Points focus on nursing interventions for clients with impairment of sight or hearing and on the nursing care related to disorders such as cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal detachment. Pyramid Points also focus on emergency interventions for eye and ear disorders and injuries. Review nursing care related to tissue(corneal) donation for the donor and the recipient. Pyramid Points also focus on client instructions related to medication administration, sensory perceptual alterations and safety issues, and available support systems.
    本章重点为视力或听力受损患者的护理干预及相关疾病的护理,如白内障、青光眼、视网膜剥离等。其他重点还包括眼疾、耳疾和损伤的急诊干预。同时,读者还须复习一下与组织捐赠相关的供者和受者护理。用药、感知觉改变及其安全问题、可用的支持系统等则是本章患者宣传的重要内容。
     
    特别声明:
    1、药品等词有一词多名者,一般情况下只取一常用名称,以减少混乱,方便记忆。
    2、本站词汇等凡标示【奥】者系奥医所用名称,只为方便读者学习时记忆用,并非法定或行业标准名称,因此,读者不得将其作为专业术语或行业标准用语使用,也不得用于临床或研究,否则,由此引起的一切责任或后果,均由使用者自己承担。
     
     
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    I. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE EYE眼解剖、生理学
    A. The eye
    1. The eye is 1 inch in diameter and is located in the anterior portion of the orbit.
    眼直径1英寸,位于眼眶前部。
    2. The orbit is the bony structure of the skull that surrounds the eye and offers protection to the eye.
    眼眶是头盖骨的一个骨质结构,围绕眼睛,对眼睛起保护作用。
    B. Layers of the eye眼的分层
    1. External layer外层
    a. The fibrous coat that supports the eye.
    支撑眼睛的纤维层。
    b. Contains the cornea, the dense transparent outer layer.
    含角膜,为密集透明的外层。
    c. Contains the sclera, the fibrous "white of the eye".
    含巩膜,为纤维性“眼白”
    2. Middle layer中层
    a. Called the uveal tract. 称为葡萄膜。
    b. Consists of the choroid, ciliary body, and iris.
    由脉络膜、睫状体和虹膜组成。
    c. The choroid is the dark brown membrane located between the sclera and the retina that has dark pigmentation to prevent light from reflecting internally.
    脉络膜为褐色膜,位于巩膜和视网膜之间,有深色色素沉着,阻止光线向内反射。




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