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    ISPN综合测验 皮肤系统 (I) Integumentary System
    日期:2015-12-11 14:01:00    来源:奥医教育
    Integumentary System (I)
    皮肤系统(I
     
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    1. The nurse is conducting a session about the principles of first aid and is discussing the interventions for a snake bite to an extremity. The nurse should inform those attending the session that the first priority intervention in the event of this occurrence is which of the following?
    1. Immobilize the affected extremity.
    2. Remove jewelry and constricting clothing from the victim.
    3. Place the extremity in a position so that it is below the level of the heart.
    4. Move the victim to a safe area away from the snake and encourage the victim to rest.
    2. A client calls the emergency department and tells the nurse that he had been cleaning a wooded area in the backyard and came directly into contact with poison ivy shrubs. The client tells the nurse that he cannot see anything on the skin and asks the nurse what to do. Which of the following is the appropriate nursing response?
    1. "Come to the emergency department."
    2. "Apply calamine lotion immediately to the exposed skin areas."
    3. "Take a shower immediately, lathering and rinsing several times."
    4. "It is not necessary to do anything if you cannot see anything on your skin."
    3. The client is being admitted to the hospital for treatment of acute cellulitis of the lower left leg. The client asks the admitting nurse to explain what cellulitis means. The nurse bases the response on the understanding that the characteristics of cellulitis include:
    1. An inflammation of the epidermis only.
    2. A skin infection into the dermis and subcutaneous tissue.
    3. An acute superficial infection of the dermis and lymphatics.
    4. An epidermal and lymphatic infection caused by Staphylococcus.
    4. The clinic nurse assesses the skin of a client with a diagnosis of psoriasis. The nurse understands that which characteristic is associated with this skin disorder?
    1. Clear, thin nail beds.
    2. Red-purplish scaly lesions.
    3. Oily skin and no episodes of pruritus.
    4. Silvery-white scaly patches on the scalp, elbows, knees, and sacral regions.




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