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    ISPN综合测验 皮肤系统 (II) Integumentary System
    日期:2015-12-11 14:19:22    来源:奥医教育
    Integumentary System (II)
    皮肤系统(II
     
     
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    1. The nurse is preparing to care for a burn client scheduled for an escharotomy procedure being performed for a third-degree circumferential arm burn. The nurse understands that the anticipated therapeutic outcome of the escharotomy is:
    1. Return of distal pulses.
    2. Brisk bleeding from the site.
    3. Decreasing edema formation.
    4. Formation of granulation tissue.
    2. A client is undergoing fluid replacement after being burned on 20% of her body 12 hours ago. The nursing assessment reveals a blood pressure of 90/50 mm Hg, a pulse rate of 110 beats/min, and a urine output of 20 mL over the past hour. The nurse reports the findings to the physician and anticipates which of the following prescriptions?
    1. Transfusing 1 unit of packed red blood cells.
    2. Administering a diuretic to increase urine output.
    3. Increasing the amount of intravenous (IV) lactated Ringer's solution administered per hour.
    4. Changing the IV lactated Ringer's solution to one that contains dextrose in water.
    3. When caring for a client with extensive burns, the nurse anticipates that pain medication will be administered via which route?
    1. Oral.
    2. Intravenous.
    3. Intramuscular.
    4. Subcutaneous.
    4. The nurse is caring for a client who sustained superficial partial-thickness burns on the anterior lower legs and anterior thorax. Which of the following does the nurse expect to note during the resuscitation/emergent phase of the burn injury?
    1. Decreased heart rate.
    2. Increased urinary output.
    3. Increased blood pressure.
    4. Elevated hematocrit levels.




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