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    ISPN综合测验 肌肉骨骼系统疾病 Musculoskeletal Disorders
    日期:2015-02-23 15:06:54    来源:奥医教育
    Musculoskeletal Disorders
    肌肉骨骼系统疾病
     
     
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    1. A child has a right femur fracture caused by a motor vehicle accident and is placed in skin traction temporarily until surgery can be performed. During assessment, the nurse notes that the dorsalis pedal pulse is absent on the right foot. What action should the nurse take?
    1. Notify the physician.
    2. Administer an analgesic.
    3. Release the skin traction.
    4. Apply ice to the extremity.
    2. A child is placed in skeletal traction for treatment of a fractured femur. The nurse develops a plan of care for the child and includes which intervention in the plan?
    1. Ensure that all ropes are outside the pulleys.
    2. Ensure that the weights are resting lightly on the floor.
    3. Restrict diversional and play activities until the child is out of traction.
    4. Check the physician's prescriptions for the amount of weight to be applied.
    3. A 4-year-old child sustains a fall at home and is brought to the emergency department by the mother. After an x-ray examination, the child is determined to have a fractured arm and a plaster cast is applied. The nurse provides instructions to the mother regarding care for the child's cast. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further instructions?
    1. "The cast may feel warm as the cast dries."
    2. "I can use lotion or powder around the cast edges to relieve itching."
    3. "A small amount of white shoe polish can touch up a soiled white cast."
    4. "If the cast becomes wet, a blow drier set on the cool setting may be used to dry the cast."
    4. A mother brings her 2-week-old infant to a clinic for treatment after a diagnosis of clubfoot made at birth. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further teaching regarding this disorder?
    1. "Treatment needs to be started as soon as possible. "
    2. "I realize my infant will require follow-up care until full grown."
    3. "I need to bring my infant back to the clinic in 1 month for a new cast."
    4. "I need to come to the clinic every week with my infant for the casting. "




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