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    ISPN综合测验 获得性免疫缺陷综合征 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndro
    日期:2015-11-26 10:59:57    来源:奥医教育
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    获得性免疫缺陷综合征
     
     
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    1. An infant of a mother infected with HIV is seen in the clinic each month and is being monitored for symptoms indicative of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The nurse assesses the infant, knowing that the most common opportunistic infection of children infected with HIV is:
    1. Meningitis
    2. Gastroenteritis
    3. Cytomegalovirus infection
    4. Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumoma
    2. The nurse provides home care instructions to the parent of a child with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Which statement by the parent indicates the need for further teaching?
    1. "1 will wash my hands frequently."
    2. "1 will keep my child's immunizations up to date."
    3. "1 will avoid direct unprotected contact with my  child's  body fluids."
    4. "1 can send my child to day care if he has a fever, as long as it is a low-grade fever."
    3. A clinic nurse is instructing the mother of a child with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection regarding immunizations. The nurse tells the mother that:
    1. The hepatitis B vaccine will not be given to the child.
    2. The inactivated influenza vaccine will be given yearly.
    3. The varicella vaccine will be given before 6 months of age.
    4. A Western blot test needs to be performed and the results evaluated before immunizations.
    4. A home care nurse provides instructions regarding basic infection control to the mother of an infant with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Which statement, if made by the mother, indicates the need for further instructions?
    1. "1 will wash baby bottles, nipples, and pacifiers in the dishwasher. "
    2. "1 will clean up any spills from the diaper with full-strength alcohol."
    3. "1 will be sure to prepare foods that are high in calories and high in protein."
    4. "1 will be sure to wash my hands carefully before and after caring for my infant."




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