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    ISPN综合测验 感染性和传染性疾病 Infectious and Communicable Disease
    日期:2015-11-26 11:19:44    来源:奥医教育
    Infectious and Communicable Diseases
    感染性和传染性疾病
     
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    1. A nurse provides home care instructions to the parents of a child hospitalized with pertussis. The child is in the convalescent stage and is being prepared for discharge. Which statement by a parent indicates a need for further instructions?
    1. "We need to encourage our child to drink fluids."
    2. "Coughing spells may be triggered by dust or smoke."
    3. "Vomiting may occur when our child has coughing episodes."
    4. "We need to maintain droplet precautions and a quiet environment for at least 2 weeks."
    2. A 6-month-old infant receives a diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (DTaP) immunization at a well-baby clinic. The mother returns home and calls the clinic to report that the infant has developed swelling and redness at the site of injection. A nurse tells the mother to:
    1. Monitor the infant for a fever.
    2. Bring the infant back to the clinic.
    3. Apply a hot pack to the injection site.
    4. Apply an ice pack to the injection site.
    3. A child is scheduled to receive inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), and a nurse preparing to administer the vaccine reviews the child's record. The nurse questions the administration of IPV if which of the following is documented in the child's record?
    1. Recent recovery from a cold.
    2. A history of frequent respiratory infections.
    3. A history of an anaphylactic reaction to neomycin.
    4. A local reaction at the site of injection of a previous IPV.
    4. A 12-year-old child is scheduled to receive a series of the hepatitis B vaccine. The child arrives at a clinic for the second dose. Before administering the vaccine, a nurse performs an assessment on the child and asks the child and parent about a history of a severe allergy to:
    1. Eggs
    2. Penicillin
    3. Sulfonamides
    4. A previous dose of hepatitis B vaccine or component




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