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    ISPN综合测验 精神护理模式 Models of Care
    日期:2014-10-01 22:22:07    来源:奥医教育
    Tests for Models of Care
    精神护理模式
     
     
    1. A nurse employed in a mental health unit of a hospital is the leader of a group psychotherapy session. The nurse's role in the termination stage of group development is to:
            一位受雇于医院精神科病房的护士担任一团体心理治疗疗程领导。该护士在团体发展结束阶段所扮演的角色是:
        1. Encourage problem solving.  鼓励解决问题
        2. Encourage accomplishment of the group's work.  鼓励完成团体工作
        3. Acknowledge the contributions of each group member.  肯定团体各成员的作用
        4. Encourage members to become acquainted with one another.  鼓励成员相互熟悉
    2. All treatment team members are seen as equally important in helping clients meet their treatment goals. This type of therapy approach is:
              治疗小组全体成员在帮助患者满足其治疗目标的作用同等重要。这种治疗方式属于:
        1. Milieu therapy  环境疗法
        2. Interpersonal therapy  人际关系疗法
        3. Behavior modification  行为矫正疗法
        4. Rational emotive therapy  理性情感疗法
    3. An 18-year-old woman is admitted to an inpatient mental health unit with the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. A cognitive behavioral approach is used as part of her treatment plan. A nurse understands that the purpose of this approach is to:
              一18岁女子入住精神科住院病房,其诊断为神经性厌食症。采用认知行为疗法作为其治疗计划的一部分。根据护士的理解,该方式的目的是:
        1. Provide a supportive environment.  提供支持性环境
        2. Examine intrapsychic conflicts and past issues.  检查内心冲突和以往问题
        3. Emphasize social interaction with clients who withdraw.  治疗重点是退缩患者的社会关系
        4. Help the client identify and examine dysfunctional thoughts and beliefs. 帮助患者识别和检查功能失调性想法和信念
    4. A client with major depression is considering cognitive therapy. The client asks a nurse, "How does this treatment work?" The nurse tells the client that:
              一重性抑郁症患者正考虑进行认知疗法。该患者问护士,“这种治疗如何发挥作用的?”护士告诉患者:
        1. “This type of treatment will help you relax and develop new coping skills.”
                这种治疗会帮助你放松,发展新的应对技能。
        2. "This type of treatment helps you confront your fears by gradually exposing you to them."
                这种治疗通过逐渐接触恐惧帮助你直面他们
        3. "This type of treatment helps you examine how your past life has contributed to your problems."
               这种治疗帮助你检查过去生活是如何造成你的问题的。
        4. "This type of treatment helps you examine how your thoughts and feelings contribute to your difficulties."
         这种治疗帮助你检查你的想法和感情是如何导致你这种困难的
    5. A client is preparing to attend a Gambler’s Anonymous meeting for the first time. The prototype used by this group is the 12-step program developed by Alcoholics Anonymous. A nurse tells the client that the first step in the 12-step program is which of the following?
              一患者准备首次参加匿名戒赌协会会议。该团体所采用的原型是由嗜酒者互诫协会制定的“十二个步骤”计划。护士告诉患者,十二个步骤计划的第一步是:
        1. Admitting to having a problem  承认有一个问题
        2. Substituting other activities for gambling  用其他行为替代赌博
        3. Stating that the gambling will be stopped  声称赌博将被终止
        4. Discontinuing relationships with friends who are gamblers  中止与赌友的关系




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