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    ISPN综合测验 危机理论与处理 Crisis Theory and Intervention
    日期:2014-10-01 22:41:11    来源:奥医教育
    Tests for Crisis Theory and Intervention
    危机理念与处理测验
     
    1. A nurse in the emergency department is caring for a young female victim of sexual assault. The client's physical assessment is complete, and physical evidence has been collected. The nurse notes that the client is withdrawn, confused, and at times physically immobile. These behaviors are interpreted by the nurse as:
             护士在急诊室护理一名遭受性暴力的年轻女性受害者。患者身体评估完整,收集身体证据。护士注意到,患者退缩、意识模糊,身体不时一动不动。这些行为被护士解读为:
        1. Signs of depression                  抑郁体征
        2. Normal reactions to a devastating event                  对破坏性事件的正常反应
        3. Evidence that the client is a high suicide risk                  患者有高自杀危险的证据
        4. Indicative of the need for hospital admission           表明有住院需要
    2. A nurse is reviewing the assessment data of a client admitted to the mental health unit. The nurse notes that the admission nurse documented that the client is experiencing anxiety as a result of a situational crisis. The nurse determines that this type of crisis could be caused by:
             一名护士正在审查一名精神科住院患者的评估资料。护士注意到,根据住院护士记录,该患者因情境性危机正出现焦虑情绪。护士认为,这种类型的危机可能由下例一种情况引起:
        1. Witnessing a murder          目击了一次谋杀,
        2. The death of a loved one        所爱的人死亡
        3. A fire that destroyed the client's home       一场火灾毁灭了患者的家
        4. A recent rape episode experienced by the client      患者最近受到强奸
    3. A nurse is conducting an initial assessment on a client in crisis. When assessing the client's perception of the precipitating event that led to the crisis, the appropriate question to ask is:
             一名护士正对一危机患者进行初始评估。在评估患者对危机触发事件的感觉时,护士提问的合适问题是:
        1. "With whom do you live?"             你跟谁生活?
        2. "Who is available to help you?"           谁能帮助你?
        3. "What leads you to seek help now?"          什么原因促使你现在来寻求帮助?
        4. "What do you usually do to feel better?"        通常做什么事会使你感觉好些?
    4. A nurse is developing a plan of care for a client in a crisis state. When developing the plan, the nurse considers which of the following?
             一名护士正在为一名危机状态患者制订护理计划。在制订计划时,护士应考虑哪个选项?
        1. A crisis state indicates that the client has a mental illness.        危机状态表明患者有心理疾病。
        2. A crisis state indicates that the client has an emotional illness.      危机状态表明患者有心绪紊乱病。
        3. Presenting symptoms in a crisis situation are similar for all clients experiencing a crisis.
              对经历危机的所有患者来说,危机情形中的主要症状是相似的。
        4. A client's response to a crisis is individualized and what constitutes a crisis for one client may not constitute a crisis for another client.
                患者对危机的反应因人而异,某个因素可促成一个人的危机,但对另一个人来说可能并不会带来危机。




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