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    ISPN总复习 精神心理健康护理基础 Foundations of Psychiatric Mental
    日期:2014-10-02 10:05:09    来源:奥医教育
    Foundations of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing
    精神心理健康护理基础
     
     
    关键词:危机 滥用 虐待 成瘾 防御机制 约束 隔离 自杀 护患关系 治疗性沟通 精神健康 人格特征 应对 精神健康障碍 公民权利
     
    对应章节:Saunders Chapter 72
     
    Contents 本章目录:
          I.护患关系 Nurse-Client Relationship
          II.治疗性沟通过程Therapeutic Communication Process
          III.心理健康 Mental Health
          IV.精神—心理健康疾病 Psychiatric-Mental Health Illness
          V.应对和防御机制Coping and Defense Mechanisms
          VI.心理健康障碍诊断和统计手册Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders
          VII.心理健康疾病患者的住院和出院类型Types of Mental Health Admissions and Discharges

    Focus 本章要点:
    The Pyramid to Success focuses on the therapeutic nurse-client relationship, client rights, hospital admission procedures, the ethical and legal issues related to the care of a client with a mental health disorder, grief and loss, and end-of-life care. Pyramid Points also focus on the use of restraints (security devices), seclusion, and electroconvulsive therapy. Care to a client with an addiction, such as an eating disorder or drug or alcohol disorder, is another focus area. Additional areas of focus include anxiety, depression, suicide, abuse and neglect, violence, rape crisis interventions, posttraumatic stress disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorders. Pyramid Points address the use of medications prescribed for a client with a mental health disorder, particularly lithium carbonate (Lithobid) and the benzodiazepines.
    本章重点为,治疗性护患关系、患者权利、医院住院手续、与心理健康障碍患者护理相关的伦理和法律问题、悲痛和损失及临终关怀。本章重点还包括约束(安全装置)、隔离和电惊厥疗法的使用。成瘾患者护理,如饮食障碍或嗑药或酗酒,也是重点内容之一。其他重点包括焦虑、抑郁、自杀、虐待和忽视、暴力、强奸危机处理、创伤后应激障碍、强迫性障碍、精神分裂症和双极障碍。要点为心理健康障碍患者的药物使用,特别是碳酸锂(碳酸锂片)和苯二氮卓类药。
     
     
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