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    ​《美国护理杂志》总第116.11期
    日期:2017-01-16 09:25:48    来源:ISPN 周老师
    《美国护理杂志》2016年11月总第116卷第11期
    American Journal of Nursing
    November 2016 - Volume 116 - Issue 11
    pp: 7-72
     
    Guest Editorial
    Nurses Supporting Family Caregivers
    护士支持家庭照护员
    Caregivers need more guidance from nurses to perform increasingly complex tasks.
     
    Viewpoint
    Cultural Incongruence in Nursing Education
    护理教育中的文化不一致性
    A gentle argument for trying harder to see through others’ perspectives.
    I recently participated in a university-wide discussion with other faculty and university leaders on the importance of diversity among our students and faculty. Although the discussion centered on ethnic and gender diversity, we know that cultures can be defined in many other ways—socioeconomically, for example, and by geography, age, and gender categories outside the male–female binary. The lack of a broader perspective can leave many people out of an effective discussion.
     
    Letters, etc
    Respect in Nursing Homes
    养老院中的尊敬
    I recently participated in a university-wide discussion with other faculty and university leaders on the importance of diversity among our students and faculty. Although the discussion centered on ethnic and gender diversity, we know that cultures can be defined in many other ways—socioeconomically, for example, and by geography, age, and gender categories outside the male–female binary. The lack of a broader perspective can leave many people out of an effective discussion.
    ‘Midlevel Practitioner’: A Different View
    中层执业人士:不同的观点
    After reading “‘Midlevel’ Practitioner” (Viewpoint, July), I admit that I have a different perspective from that of the author. Having worked as a director in a home health setting, I'm aware of the restrictions placed on midlevel practitioners by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). There is a difference in the roles physicians and NPs play within the home health care realm.
    HPV Vaccination for Boys
    男孩用HPV疫苗
    Nurse Executives and EBP
    护士执行官与EBP
    I found the survey results regarding chief nursing executives and their use of evidence-based practice (EBP) in “Evidence-Based Care Is Highly Valued but Underused by Many Nurse Executives” (In the News, June) to be concerning. Health care is so geared toward utilizing EBP to produce the best patient outcomes that I can't imagine why an organization would choose not to embrace it. If patient safety and quality are truly top concerns for these respondents, there is no excuse not to pursue various means to implement EBP.
    Working Against War
    反对战争
    Thank you very much for your incisive and informative interview with former Navy nurse Susan Schnall (“Peace and Reconciliation,”Profiles, August). As I write this, it is the anniversary of the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. The Vietnam War created a medical emergency that is still with us, not only for those killed and injured, but in terms of the destruction of land in Vietnam and the unhealed wounds caused by chemicals like Agent Orange.
    The Professional Introduction
    职业介绍
    I've been a nurse for five years, the majority of which has been spent working in ambulatory surgery care where I encounter a minimum of 12 patients and their family members a day. At no point during or after nursing school was I told to disclose to patients both my first and last name along with my job title and responsibilities (“The Professional Introduction,” Viewpoint, June). The article states that some nurses are opposed to using their full names for safety reasons. However, I feel as though using my full name could be construed as being less personal. I have a tendency to shorten my name to “Jenn.” If I were to tell patients my name is Jennifer Murray, I would feel like I was putting up a wall by not allowing my patients to call me by the name I prefer.
    The Professional Introduction
    职业介绍
    I've been a nurse for five years, the majority of which has been spent working in ambulatory surgery care where I encounter a minimum of 12 patients and their family members a day. At no point during or after nursing school was I told to disclose to patients both my first and last name along with my job title and responsibilities (“The Professional Introduction,” Viewpoint, June). The article states that some nurses are opposed to using their full names for safety reasons. However, I feel as though using my full name could be construed as being less personal. I have a tendency to shorten my name to “Jenn.” If I were to tell patients my name is Jennifer Murray, I would feel like I was putting up a wall by not allowing my patients to call me by the name I prefer.
     
    In the News
    Maternal Mortality in the United States Is on the Rise
    美国产妇死亡率上升
    California is the only state whose rate has declined.
    More Trampoline Parks, More Injuries
    跳跳床公园越多,损伤越多
    California is the only state whose rate has declined.
    NewsCAP: Similar protective effects found for different forms of influenza vaccines
    新闻头条:不同的流感疫苗有类似的保护效应
    Salaries for Nurses Decrease, While NP Salaries Rise
    护士薪水下降NP薪水增加
    Nurses say salaries aren't commensurate with experience.
    Compensation for nurses decreased 3.1% from 2015 to 2016, for an average salary of $61,875, according to survey information collected from nearly 20,000 health care workers and reported in the Health eCareers 2016 Salary Guide. NP compensation, however, increased 5.3%, for an average salary of $100,549.
    NewsCAP: Many with tinnitus do not receive recommended treatment
    新闻头条:很多耳鸣者未接受推荐的治疗
    NewsCAP: Poor nurse–patient communication is a factor in 30-day hospital readmission rates for pneumonia
    新闻头条:护患沟通差是肺炎30天再住院率的一个因素
    New Advisory on Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy
    新的对侧预防性乳房切除术忠告
    Breast surgeons recommend against the procedure unless cancer risk is increased.
     
    AJN Reports
    Nurses’ Dissatisfaction with Electronic Health Records Remains High
    护士对电子健康记录不满意度仍较高
    Issues surround data entry, usability, and communication.
     
    AJN On the Cover
    AJN On the Cover
    AJN封面
    This month's cover photo shows a nurse meeting with a patient and her family caregiver. Being the caregiver for a family member is an increasingly common experience for many Americans. According to a 2015 report by the AARP Public Policy Institute, an estimated 39.8 million Americans care for an adult, spending an average of 24.4 hours a week doing so. Approximately six in 10 caregivers report assisting with medical and nursing tasks, such as injections, tube feedings, and catheter care, but most have not received prior preparation or training.
     
    AJN On the Web
    AJN On the Web
    AJN在线
     




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